THE INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE RUSSIAN ORGANIC MARKET: METHODOLOGY AND PRACTICE
Issue № 3, 2022, article № 2, pages 11-23
Original language title: МЕТОДОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ И ПРАКТИЧЕСКИЕ АСПЕКТЫ РАЗВИТИЯ ИНФРАСТРУКТУРЫ РЫНКА ОРГАНИЧЕСКОЙ ПРОДУКЦИИ РОССИИ
Keywords: ORGANIC AGRICULTURE, ORGANIC WILD, ORGANIC PRODUCTS, ORGANIC MARKET, MERCHANDISE FLOW, NONPHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE, PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE, ORGANIC MARKET INFRASTRUCTURE, INFRASTRUCTURE COMPONENT, ORGANIC PRODUCTION, ORGANIC EXPORT, INSTITUTIONAL, REGULATORY, FINANCIAL AID, INTELLECTUAL AND INFORMATIONAL, PRODUCTION AND QUALITY CONTROL, RESOURCE SUPPORT, LOGISTICS, TRADE, RETAIL, MARKETING, FINAL CONSUMERS, SAFETY AND HEALTHY DIET
Abstract: The modern Russian organic market relies on regulatory framework, which is although being not fully implemented, but already includes basic federal law on organic products and a number of national standards regulating organic production, merchandise flow, as well as the issues related to terminology and classification. For the past decade, the progress in the regulatory framework, as well as the enthusiasm of individual organic producers and distributors and related branch unions have improved some indicators the organic market development. However, given the significant natural and socio-economic potential of the domestic organic market, Russia is still far behind foreign achievements in this area in terms of key indicators ofproduction, trade and consumption of organic products. One of the main reasons for this is the inadequate state of the infrastructure of the Russian organic market. The relevance of this topic is determined by the insufficient knowledge of this problem from a theoretical point of view. In this regard, the main purpose of the article is to contribute to the methodology of the organic market infrastructure, which has practically not yet been formed. The concept of "organic market" is clarified, and the author's definition the "organic market infrastructure" is also proposed. The main components of the organic market infrastructure, reflecting their properties and functional features have been identified. A classification of infrastructure components is proposed, in which eight components were identified, distributed into two groups being entitled as nonphysical and physical infrastructure. A simplified schematic model describing the interaction between selected infrastructure elements and the processes ofproduction, distribution and final consumption of organic products has been developed. The main problems and the related roadmaps for each of the selected infrastructure components are viewed briefly.