TRENDS AND PROMISING AREAS OF GROWTH OF VEGETABLE PRODUCTION IN RUSSIA
Issue № 4, 2023, article № 11, pages 107-115
Section: Economics of agribusiness sectors
Original language title: ТЕНДЕНЦИИ И ПЕРСПЕКТИВНЫЕ НАПРАВЛЕНИЯ РОСТА ПРОИЗВОДСТВА ОВОЩНОЙ ПРОДУКЦИИ В РОССИИ
Keywords: PRODUCTION, VEGETABLE GROWING OF CLOSED AND OPEN GROUND, YIELD, GREENHOUSES, CONSTRUCTION, RECONSTRUCTION, SEED PRODUCTION, PROCESSING, STORAGE, MARKETING, FORMS OF MANAGEMENT, SELF-SUFFICIENCY, STATE SUPPORT
Abstract: The article analyzes the production of vegetable products in Russia, examines the potential for effective development of the industry and presents promising directions for its implementation. The authors have identified the peculiarities of vegetable growing that influence the formation of the potential for the development of the industry: a high level of the value of the final product for the population of the country, a large range of products with different technological characteristics, attractiveness for small forms of management and others. The assessment of the level of production of vegetable products by categories of agricultural producers, its import, selfsufficiency is given. Da-ta on the dynamics of the sown areas of open ground and the thermal complex of the country, yield, distribution of production by region are presented. The main production of open-ground vegetables is concentrated in the Southern Federal District -51.5% of the total collection in the country. More than 50% of the production of indoor vegetables falls on 10 regions of the country. As priority directions for realizing the potential of vegetable growing, the authors identified measures to: increase the acreage under vegetable crops, including through the construction of new modern greenhouse complexes, modernization of working greenhouses, their rational distribution across the country; wider use of productive varieties and hybrids of vegetable crops, including domestic breeding; development of processing, storage, packaging and marketing of vegetables and vegetable products; involvement in commodity production of producers of all organizational and legal forms (agricultural organizations, peasant (farmer) farms, households of the population), servicing and processing enterprises by strengthening their interaction, including on a cooperative basis. At the present stage, it is important to carry out scientific support for the development of vegetable growing in Russia in a comprehensive manner at all stages of the agrofood chain: from breeding, seed production to marketing and consumption.