ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF THE USE OF BIOFERTILIZERS IN VEGETABLE GROWING
Issue № 3, 2023, article № 16, pages 162-168
Section: Economics of agribusiness sectors
Original language title: ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ АСПЕКТЫ ПРИМЕНЕНИЯ БИОУДОБРЕНИЙ В ОВОЩЕВОДСТВЕ
Abstract: Vegetable growing is the most important branch of the agricultural sector of the economy of most developed countries. At the same time, Russia's self-sufficiency in vegetable products is at a relatively low level, creating prerequisites for a significant intensification of vegetable production. According to expert estimates, an important reserve for improving the efficiency of vegetable cultivation technologies is the use of modern high-tech biofertilizers. The purpose of this work was to establish the features of the formation of economic indicators of vegetable cultivation technologies (cabbage, squash, carrots, beets, canteen) in the open ground, depending on foliar treatments of plantings with biofertilizers (Azotovit, Phosphatovit). The research was carried out according to widely approved methods in crop production. It was found that the treatment of vegetating plants with biological means ensured the formation of reliable yield increases at the level of 8 to 14%, while increasing the conditional net income by 18-79 thous. rub./ha (35-140%) with the payback of a unit of cost items in the value expression of the increase in yield up to 16.5 rub./rub. In ascending order of the payback of the culture, the following are located: carrot canteen → white cabbage → beetroot canteen → zucchini. The treatment of vegetative plants with biofertilizers with the consumption rates of each preparation for the preparation of a tank mixture in the volume of 0.2-0.3 l/ha had a greater advantage. In the future, it is planned to study the economic aspects of the combined use of biofertilizers, including variations in seed treatments, seedlings, soil during planting and vegetative plants.