NEW INDUSTRIALIZATION OF THE AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX OF RUSSIA AS A BASIS FOR IMPORT SUBSTITUTION IN MODERN GEOPOLITICAL CONDITIONS
Issue № 11, 2022, article № 5, pages 54-62
Section: Economics of agribusiness sectors
Original language title: НОВАЯ ИНДУСТРИАЛИЗАЦИЯ АГРОПРОМЫШЛЕННОГО КОМПЛЕКСА РОССИИ КАК ОСНОВА ИМПОРТОЗАМЕЩЕНИЯ В СОВРЕМЕННЫХ ГЕОПОЛИТИЧЕСКИХ УСЛОВИЯХ
Abstract: The article is devoted to the industrialization of the agro-industrial complex of the Russian Federation based on the development of industry innovation systems. The necessity in the system of expanded reproduction of high-tech capital brought into full compliance with the law of vertical integration is substantiated. The symbiosis of the state, science and business as the basis of import substitution in modern geopolitical conditions is shown. It is noted that the stabilization of the domestic market will occur as an alternative policy becomes established, interaction with foreign partners and the development of parallel import channels with friendly states. It is stated that the country has not created a single center for coordination, forecasting and expertise of scientific and technical developments in the agricultural sector. Coordination in the field of innovative development of agro-industrial production between the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Ministry of Education and Science and the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia is not carried out at the proper level. The paper identifies the main directions of innovative development of the agro-industrial complex of the country and the structural elements of their implementation. The role and significance of the Federal Scientific and Technical Program for the Development of Agriculture for 2017-2030, which is designed to remove the dependence of the domestic agricultural sector on Western technologies, is determined. Proposals of an organizational and economic nature to ensure technological sovereignty in the agricultural sector of the country's economy are formulated.