Яндекс.Метрика

STATE SUPPORT TO FERTILIZER USE IN THE WORLD AGRICULTURE


DOI 10.33938/2110-4

Issue № 10, 2021, article № 1, pages 4-19

Section: International relations and world agricultural experience

Language: Russian

Original language title: ГОСУДАРСТВЕННАЯ ПОДДЕРЖКА ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЯ УДОБРЕНИЙ В МИРОВОМ СЕЛЬСКОМ ХОЗЯЙСТВЕ

Keywords: FERTILIZERS (FERTILIZERS), MINERAL FERTILIZERS, ORGANIC FERTILIZERS, ORGANIC AGRICULTURE (FARMING), FERTILIZER USE, STATE SUPPORT, PAYMENTS, TAX INCENTIVES(CONCESSIONS), SUPPLY ( PURCHASING) COOPERATIVES, BUDGET, PRODUCER SUPPORT ESTIMATE ( PSE), GENERAL SERVICES SUPPORT ESTIMATE (GSSE), TOTAL SUPPORT ESTIMATE ( TSE), PAYMENTS BASED ON INPUT USE, VARIABLE INPUT USE, TOTAL VALUE OF PRODUCTION, PER HECTARE PAYMENTS, DECOUPLED SUPPORT, DEMAND, WORLD PRICE, SUBSIDIES, PREFERENTIAL LOANS, INSURANCE, FERTILIZER YEAR (FY)

Abstract: The article deals with historical trends, current situation and future developments in agricultural fertilizer use throughout the world leading economies. The study covers the state support estimates for developed (USA, EU, Canada, Australia), emergent (India, China, Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, Turkey) economies and Russia as well. Trends in the consumption of mineral fertilizers per area of cropland in 5 leading world economies (USA, EU, India, China, Brazil) in 2000-2019 are demonstrated. Key indicators of modern agricultural state support in 11 countries accordingly the OECD's methodology are shown. The main sources of state support to fertilizer use are determined. They associated with Producer Support Estimate (PSE) and include Payments based on input support (category B) and decoupled per hectare payments (category C). The role of indirect state support to fertilizer use in General Services Support Estimate (GSSE) is gradually increasing. A detailed analysis of state support to fertilizer use in selected countries according to the OECD’s methodology is carried out. Feasible business environment for global fertilizer market and main developments in state support to agricultural fertilizer use in the midterm are identified. The general proposals for the development of state support to fertilizer use in the Russian agriculture are added.

Authors: Avarskii Nabi Dalgatovich, Taran Vasilii Viktorovich, Gasanova KHatimat Nabievna, Silko Elena Anatolevna