INLAND FISHERY: ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT
Issue № 9, 2021, article № 12, pages 101-119
Section: Economics of agribusiness sectors
Original language title: РЫБНЫЙ ПРОМЫСЕЛ ВО ВНУТРЕННИХ ВОДОЕМАХ: ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЙ И СОЦИАЛЬНЫЙ АСПЕКТЫ РАЗВИТИЯ
Abstract: Despite the small volumes of fish caught in the inland waters of Russia, the importance of this sector of the fishery complex not only has a significant impact on the diversification of the economy of the fishing industry, but also plays an important socio-cultural dimension - the preservation of jobs and the traditional way of life of the population, prevention of desertification during - coastal villages in remote areas of the country. The development of the regions of North and Siberia in the XX century, the extraction of minerals, oil and gas here led to the disruption of natural ecosystems, pollution of rivers and lakes with products of industrial processing. The construction of hydraulic structures and land reclamation for agricultural purposes had a large negative impact on fishing in inland water bodies and the volume of fish catch. Building a new management system based on targeted management programs with a focus on conservation of nature and greening of production, preservation of biodiversity, formation of public solidarity and a high level of public trust will be a guarantee for achieving the set goals for the development of fisheries in inland waters of Russia.