ASSESSMENT OF CONDITIONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN CAPITAL IN RURAL TERRITORIES OF THE SOUTHERN MACROREGION
Issue № 9, 2021, article № 5, pages 43-48
Original language title: ОЦЕНКА УСЛОВИЙ РАЗВИТИЯ ЧЕЛОВЕЧЕСКОГО КАПИТАЛА НА СЕЛЬСКИХ ТЕРРИТОРИЯХ ЮЖНОГО МАКРОРЕГИОНА
Abstract: The relevance of assessing the conditions for the development of rural human capital is justified in a scientific study. It is connected with the fact that its condition largely depends on the influence of factors of the surrounding socio-economic environment. The need to assess the conditions for the human capital development in rural areas on the basis of a limited set of statistical data, indicators that characterize demographic processes, the availability of social and infrastructure facilities, and the economic characteristics of rural areas comes to the fore. The purpose of the research is to assess the conditions for the human capital development on the example of rural areas of the Southern macroregion. Economic-statistical, comparative and abstract-logical analysis, institutional and system approaches, the method of score-rating assessment and the method of simplifications were used as research methods. The main result of the study was the construction of a rating of regions, which showed that the best conditions for the development of rural human capital were created in the Rostov region, and the worst – in the Republic of Kalmykia. The demographic conditions for the development of rural human capital are best developed in the Republic of Crimea, and the worst – in the Volgograd region. The Volgograd Region has the best social conditions, and the Krasnodar Territory has the worst. The infrastructure is best developed in the Rostov region and the Republic of Adygea, and the worst – in the Republic of Kalmykia. The best economic conditions are created in the Rostov region, and the worst-in the republics of Crimea and Kalmykia. Proposals for the practical application of the point-rating method for assessing the conditions for the development of human capital in rural areas are formulated based on the results of the study.