IMPORT SUBSTITUTION IN THE MARKET OF POWER CAPACITIES FOR DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE OF RUSSIA
Issue № 10, 2019, article № 9, pages 73-83
Original language title: ИМПОРТОЗАМЕЩЕНИЕ НА РЫНКЕ ЭНЕРГЕТИЧЕСКИХ МОЩНОСТЕЙ ДЛЯ РАЗВИТИЯ СЕЛЬСКОГО ХОЗЯЙСТВА РОССИИ
Abstract: The main objective of the study was to assess the prospects for import substitution in the energy capacity market for agricultural development in Russia. As a result of the study, the dynamics of updating the fleet of agricultural machinery is assessed. Based on a detailed analysis of the intensity of production of energy carriers for agriculture in Russia, as well as mechanisms of state support for agricultural machinery, recommendations are made on the formation of import substitution conditions in the markets of self-propelled vehicles in the country. We concluded that the production of agricultural products, due to its technological specificity, is energy-intensive, from the point of view of the need to provide energy capacities. Energy in agriculture is formed by self-propelled machines (self-propelled harvesting equipment - combines, tractors of various draft classes, and other self-propelled machinery for technological operations). Based on the analysis, the article shows the availability of energy capacities of agricultural producers, the share of imported equipment as an element affecting food security, offers on the development of the agricultural machinery market in the context of the implementation of the import substitution policy.