STATE AND INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF CLUSTERS IN AGRICULTURE
Issue № 9, 2018, article № 17, pages 132-141
Original language title: СОСТОЯНИЕ И ИНСТИТУЦИОНАЛЬНЫЕ АСПЕКТЫ РАЗВИТИЯ КЛАСТЕРОВ В АПК
Keywords: CLUSTER, AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX, STATE REGULATION, STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT, PROGRAM OF DEVELOPMENT
Abstract: Processes of a clustering of economy in modern conditions are a new format of structuring of its real sector. Clusters are formed in various spheres of economy, including in agro-industrial complex of the country in recent years. Agrarian clusters are large producers of the food. So, the volume of the shipped production participants of the Food cluster of the Republic of Tatarstan made 31,7 billion rubles, the Agro-industrial cluster of the Kemerovo area - 11,1 billion rubles, the Agro biotechnological cluster of the Omsk region - 8,3 billion rubles. Support of agrarian clusters by the state is carried out within the program of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation. Development of clusters needs to be considered as the most important element of a state policy. Now one of the major problems in processes of a clustering of economy is imperfection of the standard-right base creating barriers to creation and functioning of clusters. Within the solution of the given problem for improvement of state regulation of cluster activity it is offered to structure the standard-right acts, with allocation of levels of regulation and types of normative legal acts. Authors focus attention on importance of adoption of the federal law regulating processes of creation and functioning of clusters in the country for which the structural elements defining contents of the law are offered. Strategic management in clusters has to be based on the developed methodical maintenance of development of data of the integrated structures. Authors offered the algorithm of development and implementation of the program of cluster development which is turning on blocks: methodical maintenance and justification of programs of development, substantial and organizational work. On the basis of research practice offormation of standard and methodical documents, authors offered the contents and structural elements of Strategy of development of a cluster and the Program of cluster development which can be used for the formed and operating agrarian clusters.
Authors: Proniaeva Liudmila Ivanovna, Pavlova Anna Viacheslavovna, Ragimov Farkhad Idrisovich